Saudi Arabia’s economy grew by 2.2 percent in 2018, driven by the oil sector, compared to a decline of 0.7 percent in 2017, the Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority (SAMA) said in a report.
The main risk for the Saudi economy comes from its exposure to the global oil market. The oil sector accounts for some 45 percent of Saudi GDP and more than 63 percent of government revenue.
“There have been recent signsof slowing global growth, which could indirectly impact the Saudi economy,” the report warned. “Continued structural reforms will likely place some pressure on economic growth in the short-term,” it added, without giving a forecast for 2019.
In April the International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimated that Saudi economic growth in 2019 may be slightly higher than its earlier 1.8 percent forecast due to the faster expansion of the non-oil sector compared to the wider economy.
The Saudi central bank governor told Reuters in April that Saudi economic growth in 2019 would be “no less than 2 percent”.
For the non-oil sector, growth is expected to be stimulated by expansionary fiscal policy as the budget for 2019 shows a significant increase in capital expenditure by SR245 billion ($65.3 billion), the report said.
Saudi Arabia’s s non-oil sector saw modest growth of 1.7 percent in 2018 versus 1 percent in the previous year, SAMA said. The country’s estimated budget deficit was SR136 billion Saudi or 4.6 percent of GDP in 2018 compared to the 9.3 percent deficit in the previous year. Government revenues grew to SR895 billion in 2018, up 30 percent over the previous year, it added.
Non-oil revenues totalled SR287 billion, a rise of 90 percent on the previous year, with more than half coming from tax revenues, while government expenditure rose by 11 percent to SR1 trillion in 2018.
Also published on Medium.